Rechavia

Rehavia (also Rechavia) (Hebrew: רחביה‎) is an upscale Jerusalem neighborhood located between the city center and Talbiya.


History
Rehavia was established on a large plot of land purchased in 1921 from the Greek Orthodox Church by the Palestine Land Development Company (PLDC). The area was known at the time as Ginzaria, a native Jerusalem plant. The Jewish National Fund (JNF) bought the land and commissioned the German-Jewish architect Richard Kaufmann to design a garden neighborhood. The land was transferred back to the PLDC in exchange for lands in the Jezreel Valley, but the JNF retained some real-estate in the neighborhood. The Gymnasia Rehavia high school, Yeshurun Synagogue, and the Jewish Agency building were built on this land, overlooking the Old City.[1] Rehavia was modeled after the garden cities of Europe, with an emphasis on the International Style popular at the time.[2]
The first phase, called Rehavia A, was bordered by King George Street to the east, Ramban Street to the south, Ussishkin Street to the west, and Keren Kayemet Street to the north. To preserve the quiet character, the neighborhood association allowed commercial businesses only on the two main roads at the neighborhood’s edges. The roads open to traffic were deliberately built narrow, to keep them less busy and thus quieter. The main, tree-lined boulevard which bisected the neighborhood was open to pedestrian traffic only. Later expansion was primarily to the south, in the direction of Gaza Street.

Famous residents
When the Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie was exiled from Ethiopia in 1936, he lived on Alharizi Street. Rehavia became known as a neighborhood of upper-class Ashkenazi Jews, home to professors and intellectuals, particularly émigrés from Germany. Many of the country’s early leaders lived in Rehavia: David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, who lived on Ben Maimon street;[3] Zionist leader Arthur Ruppin; Menachem Ussishkin, head of the Jewish National Fund; Golda Meir, Israel’s fourth prime minister; Daniel Auster, the first Jewish mayor of Jerusalem, and philosophers Hugo Bergmann and Gershon Scholem.[2] Among the government ministers who made their home in Rehavia were Dov Yosef and Yosef Burg.
The Prime Minister’s Official Residence is the “Agion House”, at the corner of Balfour and Smolenskin streets, bordering Talbieh.
 Other notable residents
• Aron Brand
• Avraham Burg
• Emanuel Feldman
• David Flusser
• Moshe Goshen-Gottstein
• Moshe Greenberg
• Teddy Kollek
• Else Lasker-Schuler
• Golda Meir
• Benjamin Netanyahu
• Chaim Potok
• Berel Wein
• Miriam Yalan-Shteklis

Landmarks

Windmill on Ramban Street
Landmark buildings in Rehavia include the headquarters of the Jewish Agency for Israel, the windmill on Ramban Street, and the Ratisbonne Monastery.

The Hebrew Gymnasium in Rehavia.
Gymnasia Rehavia, the country’s second modern high school (after Gymnasia Herzliya in Tel Aviv) was built on Keren Kayemet Street in 1928. Yitzhak Ben Zvi, who was to become the second president of Israel, and his future wife, Rachel Yanait, were teachers there.[2]
In the center of historic Rehavia is Yad Ben-Zvi, a research institute established by Ben-Zvi. Jason’s Tomb was discovered during construction work on Alfasi Street.
Street names
Most of Rehavia’s streets are named after Jewish scholars and poets from the Golden Age of Jewish culture in Spain. Among them are Abarbanel, Ben Maimon, Ibn Ezra and Rabbi Moses ben Nachman (Ramban).[4]

 

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